James R. Karr
James R. Karr is professor of aquatic and fishery sciences, professor of biology, and adjunct professor of civil and environmental engineering, environmental health, and public affairs at the University of Washington, Seattle. He received his Ph. D. in ecology from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He held faculty appointments at Purdue University, University of Illinois, and Virginia Tech University and was deputy director and acting director at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Balboa, Panama. He has taught and done research in tropical forest ecology, ornithology, stream ecology, watershed management, landscape ecology, conservation biology, ecological health, and science and environmental policy. He is a fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Ornithologists' Union and received the 2004 Carl R. Sullivan Fishery Conservation Award from the American Fisheries Society and the 2005 Environmental Stewardship Award from the North American Benthological Society. He has written more than 300 scholarly articles, books, reports, book reviews, and popular essays on ecology and environmental policy. He developed the index of biotic integrity (IBI) to directly evaluate the effects of human actions on the health of living systems. His current primary concern is to improve the use of biological information in the decision making process of society. Protection of the well-being of human society requires more sophisticated use of ecological, especially biological, knowledge to protect human society from the effects of ecological decline.
Relevant to his areas of research is his essay in Measuring Biological Condition, Protecting Biological Integrity.